Arachis hypogaea arhhyoverview eppo global database. The oldest groundnut or peanut was found in peru and dated to about 5600 bc. Arachis hypogaea widely cultivated american plant cultivated in tropical and warm regions. Arachis hypogaea is a good example of symbiotic association for nitrogen fixation. Peanut arachis hypogaea belongs to the legume family and is not botanically a nut, although it is generally referred to and consumed as such.
Many plant ests have been sequenced as an alternative to whole genome sequences, including peanut because of the genome size and complexity. The leaves are alternate and pinnate with four leaflets two opposite pairs. General information about arachis hypogaea arhhy argentina, bolivia. Peanut arachis hypogaea start peanut seeds and enjoy your own harvest of delicious peanuts. Arachis species arachis hypogaea name synonyms arachis hypogaea f. Jul 08, 2018 yerde bile yetisebilen muhtesem bitki. Tomsichphoto researchers the peanut is an annual and can either be an erect shrubby plant, 4560 cm 1824 inches high with short branches, or have a spreading form, 3045 cm 1218 inches high with long branches that lie close to the soil.
This is maintained at griffin, ga and is in the germplasm information resource network grin as pi 644011. Apart from the peanut plants beneficial effects on soil. Peanuts are the host of fungi aspergillus flavus and aspergillus parasiticus are of particular agricultural significance due to their ability to produce carcinogenic aflatoxins. Arachis hypogaea definition of arachis hypogaea by the free. Effect of sowing time on peanut arachis hypogaea l. Peanut arachis hypogaea expressed sequence tag project. Arachis hypogaea synonyms, arachis hypogaea pronunciation, arachis hypogaea translation, english dictionary definition of arachis hypogaea. It somewhat resembles in appearance a small sweet pea bush. It is widely grown in the tropics and subtropics, being important to both small and large commercial produce. Peanut seeds peanut plant arachis hypogaea flower seed. Peanut plant seeds can be planted directly outdoors for areas with long growing seasons as they need 5 months of warm weather. Peanuts arachis hypogaea are plants of the leguminosae.
Reponses aux comment, quoi, qui, ou, pourquoi, quand. Arachis hypogaea is an indeterminate and annual herbaceous legume crop of global importance. Arachis hypogaea peanut oil is a refined fixed oil obtained from the seed kernels of one ormore of the cultivated varieties of arachis hypogaea functions. Arachis hypogaea peanut oil is a refined fixed oil obtained from the seed kernels of one ormore of the cultivated varieties of arachis hypogaea. Arachis hypogaea definition of arachis hypogaea by the. Ista universal list page 1 of 1 arachis hypogaea l. Department of agriculture agricultural research service. The us peanut research community had the historic 2004 atlanta genomics workshop and named the est project as a main priority. In addition, they are a good source of minerals phosphorus. Arachis hypogaea, polyphenols, stilbenoids, symbiotic association, aspergillus. Arachis hypogaea is an annual plant with erect or prostrate stems up to 70cm long.
The peanut, also known as the groundnut, goober us, or monkey nut uk, and taxonomically classified as arachis hypogaea, is a. The peanut, also known as the groundnut, goober us, or monkey nut uk, and taxonomically classified as arachis hypogaea, is a legume crop grown mainly for its edible seeds. The root system consists of a welldeveloped taproot with many lateral roots, up to 5cm deep, but generally restricted to the upper layers of the soil. Arachis hypogaea noun the noun arachis hypogaea has 1 sense 1. Altre specie sono coltivate localmente in sudamerica. Arachis hypogaea in the germplasm resources information network grin, u. Experimental evidence is advanced to show thali rosette is not carried in the seed of the peanut nor in soil which has borne a diseased crop. Arachis hypogea peanut, groundnut, an annual oil seed belonging to the leguminosae family and the papillionacea subfamily, is a legume native to south america but now grown in diverse environments in six continents between latitudes 40 degrees n and 40 degrees s. At least one species, the peanut arachis hypogaea, is a major food crop species of global importance. All structured data from the file and property namespaces is available under the creative commons cc0 license. Ars germplasm resources information network arhy integrated taxonomic information system arhy native american ethnobotany university of michigan dearborn arhy. Arachis hypogaea larachide in senso proprio, detta anche nocciolina americana e largamente coltivata in tutto il mondo, nei climi caldi e tropicali. As nuts ripen, you can see the birds flying by, carrying acorns and beechnuts, as.
Browse pictures and read growth cultivation information about arachis, peanut arachis hypogaea tennessee red supplied by member gardeners in the plantfiles database at daves garden. This highcalorie food provides them with dietary fat, which can be especially welcome during the colder months. A primary source of nutrition for many birds is nuts. China is the worlds largest peanut producer, contributing. Arachis hypogaea, commonly known as peanut, is an herbaceous perennial that is raised as an annual. Background peanut oil, with the inci name arachis hypogaea oil, and its derivatives have a widespread use in cosmetic products. Files are available under licenses specified on their description page. Arachis hypogea peanut, groundnut, an annual oil seed belonging to the leguminosae family and the papillionacea subfamily, is a legume. It typically grows in a single season to 1020 tall and as wide. Pronunciation of arachis hypogaea with 2 audio pronunciations, 4 synonyms, 1 meaning, 2 translations and more for arachis hypogaea. In areas with short growing seasons, grow arachis hypogaea seeds in pots or containers for indoor plants. Arachis hypogea can grow in a wide range of climatic conditions. Early spanish and portuguese explorers discovered indigenous people of. Peanut flowers are borne in axillary clusters above the ground.
The results can also be downloaded as a csv file unicode utf8 encoding see status, confidence level, source for definitions. The atlas of florida plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. Arachis hypogaea was believed to be originated from a single hybridization. Arachis hypogaea cv tifrunner is a common cultivar of a. It is believed that peanuts center of genetic diversity was in south america, specifically northern paraguay and southern brazil pattee and young, 1982. Fabaceae family that are sown and produced on 20 million hectares worldwide.
It is widely grown in the tropics and subtropics, being important to both small and large commercial producers. Arachis hypogaea non esiste allo stato selvatico nativo. Sciencedirect characterization of groundnut arachis hypogaea l. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the university of south florida and other herbaria. Groundnut has never been found in the wild state anywhere and its origin has, therefore, been a matter of considerable speculations and even controversy. Functional uses cosmetic ingredient for skin conditioning.
As of august 2011, the peanut research community had deposited 252,832 ests in the public ncbi est database, and this resource. Arachide ou arachis hypogaea, fiche technique complete. The use of peanut oil in cosmetic products is not currently regulated in the cosmetics directive. The word arachis hypogaea groundnut has been derived from two greek words, arachis meaning a legume and hypogaea meaning below ground referring to the formation of pods in the soil. All single nu cleotide polymorphisms were confirmed by manual inspection. Several member states have recently indicated safety. I frutti sono chiamati arachidi, spagnolette, noccioline americane, bagigi, scachetti, caccaetti dal nahuatl tlalcacahuatl, che significa cacao di terra, divenuto in spagnolo o cacahuate, nei paesi. Arachis is a genus of about 70 species of annual and perennial flowering plants in the pea family, native to south america, and was recently assigned to the informal monophyletic pterocarpus clade of the dalbergieae.652 617 1310 74 448 400 572 640 1514 1078 142 939 1558 714 383 359 1559 53 1312 352 668 549 1073 167 1449 570 1364 335 115 93 1365 1041 1251 1274 224 673 353 1241 1420 104 1012 691 463 535 1364